Ancient Universities of India – A fascinating insight

Nalanda –

Ancient Universities of India

source Wikipedia

  • Nalanda was established in 5th century AD and had students from Sri Lanka, Korea, Japan, China and Tibet.
  • Established by Kumara Gupta of Gupta dynasty it was a residential school accommodating 10,000 students and 2oo teachers. Nalanda university had 8 buildings with tens of classrooms in each one. It had multi storied dormitories that could host 300 students each.
  • The students studied, metaphysics, yoga, Veda, philosophy and Buddhism.
  • The library of Nalanda, known as Dharma Gunj (Mountain of Truth) had the largest collection of buddhist texts. It comprised of 3 buildings, each 9 stories tall and burned for 3 months after Mughal invaders set fire to it.
  • It occupied 14 hectares and was built with red bricks. Nalanda had a sophisticated drainage system similar to harappa.
  •  Nalanda had 8 separate compounds and ten temples along with meditation halls, lakes and parks in the campus. It had 300 lecture halls and facilities like laboratory and observatory.

Nalanda and Taxila give a fascinating insight into the sophisticated heritage of  education and  Knowledge of India. Knowing about these institutions inspires a sense of pride in all of us.